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A Descriptive Analysis of Discrete U.S. Industrial Complexes

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We use the Getis/Ord local G statistic and detailed county-level industry employment data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics to isolate discrete industrial complexes—or groups of nominally linked industries clustered in particular locations—for two recent years: 1989 and 1997. We describe the characteristics of the complexes in terms of their number, spatial extent, broad regional distribution, and other factors. Data from the two periods help illustrate key shifts in industrial locations, including the continuing concentration of the apparel industry in the Southeast and the ongoing southern shift in U.S. vehicle production.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Department of Urban and Regional Planning & Regional Economic Applications Laboratory (REAL), University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820., Email: 2: Geography Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-4060., Email: 3: Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 3140, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3140., Email:

Publication date: 2005-05-01

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