Skip to main content

Does Income Distribution Affect U.S. State Economic Growth?

Buy Article:

$51.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)



Numerous models propose an income-distribution/growth linkage, but the empirical evidence is ambiguous and depends on the regression approach. Mixed findings are not unexpected if there are differing short- and long-term responses. Approaches utilizing cross-sectional variation primarily reflect long-run effects, whereas those using time-series variation primarily reveal short-run effects. This study reconciles these issues using U.S. state data. After allowing for short- and long-run responses and for separate effects between the tails and middle of the distribution, the consistent pattern is the middle-class share and overall inequality are positively related to long-run growth. However, the short-run income-distribution response is less clear.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5A8, Canada., Email:

Publication date: May 1, 2005

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Partial Open Access Content
Partial Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more