Spatial Mismatch and the Structure of American Metropolitan Areas, 1970–2000
This paper analyzes the impact of employment and population shifts in U.S. metropolitan areas from 1970 to 2000 on a spatial mismatch index to determine how metropolitan residents reacted to changes in metropolitan employment distributions. In particular, it seeks to determine whether suburban employment growth created new areas to which access is valued or whether it repelled metropolitan residents and sparked population growth in more distant suburban locations. The results show that residents tended to move away from areas gaining jobs. Black residents, on the other hand, appeared to be attracted to areas that are experiencing employment growth.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Insurance, Legal Studies, and Real Estate, Terry College of Business, University of Georgia, Athens
Publication date: August 1, 2004