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Tradeoffs between Local Taxes and Government Spending as Determinants of Business Location

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Abstract. 

This paper investigates the effects of local fiscal policy on the location decisions of 3,763 establishments that began operations in Maine between 1993 and 1995. Empirical results, estimated from Poisson and negative binomial regression models, indicate that businesses favor municipalities that spend high amounts on public goods and services, even when these expenditures are financed by an increase in local taxes. This suggests that a local fiscal policy of reduced government spending, to balance a tax cut, may attract fewer new businesses than a policy featuring additional spending and higher taxes.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Resource Economics and Policy, 5782 Winslow Hall, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469-5782., Email: todd.gabe@umit.maine.edu 2: Department of Resource Economics and Policy, 5782 Winslow Hall, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469-5782., Email: kathleen.p.bell@umit.maine.edu

Publication date: 2004-02-01

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