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Empirical Evaluation of Alternative Model Specifications to Predict Commuting Flows

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Abstract:

This study is devoted to empirical and modeling aspects on how characteristics of spatial structure influence commuting flows. Within a doubly-constrained framework, results from a competing-destinations formulation are evaluated and compared to results from the traditional gravity model. The evaluation depends critically upon the specification of within-zone journeys-to-work. Specific labor-market characteristics are found to be significant to explain how workers are absorbed in diagonal elements of the trip-distribution matrix. We also find that the parametric specification of the accessibility measure is important, and that the competing-destinations formulation is superior to the traditional gravity model.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9787.00092

Affiliations: 1: Stord/Haugesund College, 2: Stavanger College

Publication date: May 1, 1998

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