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Foreign Direct Investment and State Export Performance

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Since the early 1980s, there has been widespread debate over the impacts of rising levels of inward foreign direct investment (FDI) on the U.S. economy. A frequently noted, but little studied, issue within the debate is the impact of FDI on U.S. foreign trade, and particularly, on the foreign trade of U.S. regions. This study assesses the effects of FDI on the manufacturing export performance of U.S. states during the period from 1980 to 1991. Results indicate that increased levels of FDI are positively related to future improvements in state manufacturing export performance.

Document Type: Original Article


Affiliations: Department of Geography, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA. E-mail:

Publication date: 1997-05-01

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