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The Output Effect of a Transition to Price Stability When Velocity Is Time Varying

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This paper explores the effect of time-varying velocity on output responses to policies for reducing/stopping inflation. We study a dynamic general equilibrium model with sticky prices in which we introduce time-varying velocity. Specifically, we endogenize time-varying velocity into the model developed by Ireland (1997) for analyzing optimal disinflation. The nonlinear solution method reveals that, depending on velocity, the “disinflationary boom” found by Ball (1994) may disappear even under perfect credibility and that early output losses may be much larger than previously thought. Indeed, we find that a gradual disinflation from a low inflation may even be undesirable.

Keywords: E20; E32; F32; F41; disinflation; optimal speed of disinflation; output boom; price stability; velocity

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Lynne Evans is Senior Lecturer in Economics at Newcastle University Business School and is an Honorary Fellow at Durham University (  )., Email: 2: Anamaria Nicolae is Lecturer in Economics at Durham University (  )., Email:

Publication date: 2010-08-01

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