THE PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF INDUSTRIAL DESIGN EXPERTISE BY SMALL- AND MEDIUM-SIZED FIRMS: SOME EVIDENCE FROM NORWAY
This paper explores the ways in which industrial design services are organized, produced and consumed by Norwegian small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). This includes exploring the geographies of this performance in terms of how consumers and producers of design expertise organize their activities. In addition, the paper identifies seven different ways in which client firms utilize industrial design to develop or retain competitive advantage. The paper combines empirical data with the development of a theoretical contribution to the fields of product creation, enterprise competitiveness and the globalization of production. It draws on case studies of Norwegian firms of designers, as well as client firms.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Institute for Research in Economics and Business Administration (SNF), Breiviksveien 40, 5045 Bergen, Norway. , Email: [email protected], URL: http://www.snf.no 2: School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT United Kingdom. , Email: [email protected], URL: http://www.gees.bham.ac.uk
Publication date: 2007-10-01