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THE CHANGING STRUCTURE OF THE CENTRAL PLACE SYSTEM IN TRØNDELAG, NORWAY, OVER THE PAST 40 YEARS – VIEWED IN THE LIGHT OF OLD AND RECENT THEORIES AND TRENDS

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Abstract:

ABSTRACT.

The IGU Symposium on Urban Geography in Lund in 1960 was a path-breaking event towards new nomothetic thinking within the discipline. In nearly half of the papers, the state of the art in central place research was presented and debated. The symposium was the main source of inspiration for a study of the central place system in Midt-Norge in the 1960s, a research project that has been followed up in stages over a 40-year period. The result is a unique collection of data, covering all central places in the region and the location of approximately 200 service functions of different categories in the 1960s, 1980s and c. 2000. Despite the profound changes that have taken place on the part of the consumer, as well as the supplier, the main structure of the central place hierarchy has been surprisingly stable. However, when looking at the growth and decline of each of the different service functions, considerable dynamics have been found. There are tendencies of centralization/concentration as well as decentralization/dispersion. Furthermore, the functional division of labour by vertical steps and tiers in the 1960s has been supplemented by horizontal specialization between places, and also in the lower levels of the central place hierarchy. In this paper, we present and discuss some of the main changes that have taken place in the system in the light of older and newer theories and trends.

Keywords: Trøndelag; central places; changing service landscape; hierarchy; horizontal versus vertical specialization; new dynamic; new theories

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0467.2007.00257.x

Affiliations: 1: Department of Geography, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), N-7491 Trondheim, Norway., Email: britt.dale@svt.ntnu.no 2: Department of Economics, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration (NHH), Helleveien 30, N-5045 Bergen, Norway., Email: peter.sjoholt@nhh.no

Publication date: 2007-10-01

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