SPECIFIC EROSIONAL AND DEPOSITIONAL PROCESSES IN A PLEISTOCENE SUBGLACIAL TUNNEL IN THE WIELKOPOLSKA REGION, POLAND
The Pleistocene Cieśle succession accumulated in a subglacial tunnel and shows three sedimentological units: (1) trough cross‐stratified sand with granules deposited in deep channels up to 5.4 m, (2) trough stratified and massive gravels deposited in a very deep channel up to 6.2 m eroded by a catastrophic hyperconcentrated flow, and (3) a massive diamicton, interpreted as a basal till of melt‐out type. We focus on angular and deformed sandy clasts that occur in the second unit. It appears that thermal erosion, short transport in a sediment‐laden current and sudden sedimentation were responsible for the oversized sandy clasts that occur in the gravel glaciofluvial deposits. The deposits are characterized by large‐scale erosional scours, massive structure, and fluid‐escape deformations. This combination of features can be used as a key tool for the interpretation of hyperconcentrated‐flow conditions beneath Pleistocene ice sheets.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Institute of Geology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Publication date: 2012-09-01