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IDENTIFICATION OF CLIMATE CONTROLS ON THE DYNAMIC BEHAVIOUR OF THE SUBARCTIC GLACIER SALAJEKNA, NORTHERN SCANDINAVIA

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ABSTRACT.

In this paper we describe the dynamic behaviour of Salajekna, a valley glacier, over the last 200 years using terrestrial observations, in situ measurements, remote sensing observations and glacier reconstructions. The response time of the glacier was calculated using analytical models and field measurements. We were subsequently able to attribute specific dynamic responses to climate trends in the available climate record. The glacier's historical maximum extension was reached around 1880–1910 and was the result of a more continental climate with multi-modal airflows in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. A transition to more maritime conditions in the mid-19th century resulted in a near-continuous 20th century retreat before the glacier adjusted to a near-steady state.
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Keywords: InSAR; climate; glacier; mass balance; northern Scandinavia; photogrammetry; response time

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden

Publication date: 2005-03-01

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