CLIMATE OSCILLATIONS AS RECORDED IN SVALBARD ICE CORE 18O RECORDS BETWEEN AD 1200 AND 1997

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Abstract:

ABSTRACT.

We apply two different time series analytical tools to 18O records from two Svalbard ice cores. One ice core is from Lomonosovfonna at 1250 ma.s.l. and the other from Austfonna at 750 m a.s.l. These cores are estimated to cover at least the past 800 years and have been dated using a combination of known reference horizons and glacial modelling. Wavelet analysis reveals low frequency oscillations on the 60–120–year scale on the lower elevation site Austfonna while the higher altitude site on Lomonosovfonna does not reveal such variability throughout the record. The second method, Significant Zero Crossing of Derivates (SiZer) does not resolve the low-frequency periodicity seen in the wavelet analysis. The low-frequency variability resolved by the wavelet analysis is similar to what has been found in various climate records including instrumental temperatures and tree-rings, and has been proposed as the most important oscillation for the observed trends in Arctic air temperatures.

Keywords: Ice cores; Svalbard; climate change; oxygen isotopes

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0435-3676.2005.00253.x

Affiliations: 1: Norwegian Polar Institute, Tromsø, Norway 2: Institute of Geology at Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia 3: Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden 4: National Institute of Polar Research (NIPR), Tokyo, Japan

Publication date: March 1, 2005

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