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Although considerable attention has been paid to the record of temperature change over the last few centuries, the range and rate of change of atmospheric circulation and hydrology remain elusive. Here, eight latitudinally well-distributed (pole-equator-pole), highly resolved (annual to decadal) climate proxy records are presented that demonstrate major changes in these variables over the last 2000 years. A comparison between atmospheric 14C and these changes in climate demonstrates a first-order relationship between a variable Sun and climate. The relationship is seen on a global scale.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Climate Change Institute and Department of Earth Sciences, University of Maine, Orono, Maine, USA 2: School of Ocean and Earth Science, Southampton University, Southampton, UK 3: Natural Resources Division, Paul Smith's College, New York, USA 4: Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden 5: Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans and Space and Department of Mathematics, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire, USA

Publication date: 01 March 2005

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