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Identification of geomorphic process units in Kärkevagge, northern Sweden, by remote sensing and digital terrain analysis

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Sediment transport processes in the Kärkevagge are investigated concerning their spatial and temporal characteristics due to long–term monitoring. Within this study remote sensing techniques and GIS modelling in connection with geomorphic mapping are applied for identification and characterization of geomorphic process units. Relationships between geomorphometric parameters and slope processes like solifluction, talus creep and rockfall have been analysed. Multitemporal Landsat–TM5 scenes are used as source for landcover characteristics (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) after preprocessing involving orthorectification and topographic normalization in order to remove possible terrain–induced effects. Additionally, a digital elevation model with a resolution of 20 m for the Kärkevagge catchment is developed and parameters like slope gradient, slope aspect and profile curvature are extracted as input for the analysis of the sediment transport system. The combination of landcover information, geomorphometrical and topological features allows the definition of areas for single process activities. They show specific sediment displacement characteristics depending on material conditions, topological and geometrical features. Geomorphic process units, which show a homogenous composition, are extracted from these available layers.

Keywords: GIS; geomorphic processes; remote sensing; subarctic alpine regions

Document Type: Original Article


Affiliations: 1: The University of Reading, UK 2: University of Jena, Germany, 3: Abisko Scientific Research Station, Sweden, 4: University of Basel, Switzerland

Publication date: January 1, 2002


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