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Family-Owned Home Businesses: Their Employees and Unpaid Helpers

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Family-owned home-based businesses traditionally utilize a workforce of paid workers, contracting workers, and unpaid helpers. Each type of worker may be categorized as family, related, or unrelated. The research reported here shows that not all worker types increase business outputs. Family workers, family helpers, and unrelated workers contribute in positive ways to business outputs. In contrast, unpaid related helpers decrease net income, and contracting related workers increase the work hours of the business owner.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: J. Thomas Clark Professor of Entrepreneurship and Personal Enterprise in the Department of Consumer Economics and Housing, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. 2: Professor in the Department of Family and Child Ecology, Michigan State University, East Lansing.

Publication date: 1993-12-01

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