Skip to main content

‘Cultural Defence’ of Nations: Cultural Citizenship in France, Germany and the Netherlands

Buy Article:

$51.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)



This article presents a new development in European immigration policy. Focusing on France, Germany and the Netherlands, I describe a process of ‘culturalisation’ of admission and citizenship rules in Europe intended to reinforce liberal values and national identity. I then suggest a two-stage set of immigration-regulation principles: in the first stage, immigrants would have to accept some structural liberal-democratic principles as a prerequisite for admission. While Europe has criteria for state admission, anchored by the Copenhagen Criteria, Europe has not yet formalised definite criteria for immigrants' admission. In the second stage, as part of the naturalisation process, immigrants would be expected to recognise and respect constitutional principles essential for obtaining citizenship of a specific state. I call this concept ‘National Constitutionalism’.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Visiting Researcher, Harvard Law School; LL.D. Candidate, LL.M., Hebrew University of Jerusalem; LL.M., Columbia Law School; LL.B., B.A., The Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliya

Publication date: November 1, 2009


Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more
Real Time Web Analytics