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Climate-Change Mitigation Revisited: Low-Carbon Energy Transitions for China and India

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Abstract:

China and India are heavily dependent on high-carbon fossil fuels. This article elaborates the implications of low-carbon energy transitions in the two countries, which can mitigate their serious contribution to climate change while allowing economic growth. Three modelling case studies are presented: for the Chinese power sector, the economy of Beijing and rural Indian households without access to electricity. They demonstrate a significant reduction in greenhouse gas emissions and energy use, while costs are likely to increase. Financial assistance and technology transfer will be needed to support their efforts towards a climate-friendly low-carbon economy.

Keywords: China; India; Sustainable energy; climate change mitigation; energy modelling; low-carbon development

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7679.2009.00466.x

Affiliations: Climate Change and Development Centre, Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9RE, UK ( )., Email: f.urban@ids.ac.uk

Publication date: 2009-11-01

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