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Carbon Labelling and Low-income Country Exports: A Review of the Development Issues

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Abstract:

This article discusses the carbon accounting and carbon-labelling schemes being developed to address growing concerns over climate change. Its particular concern is their impact on small stakeholders, especially low-income countries. The popular belief that trade is by definition problematic is not true; carbon efficiencies elsewhere in the supply chain may more than offset emissions from transportation. Indeed, low-income countries may offer important opportunities for carbon emission reductions because of their favourable climatic conditions and use of low energy-intensive production techniques. However, their effective inclusion in labelling schemes will require innovative solutions to provide low-cost data collection and certification.

Keywords: Carbon footprint; carbon labelling; certification; exports; low-income countries; standards

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7679.2009.00445.x

Affiliations: 1: International Trade Department, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433 ( ), Email: pbrenton@worldbank.org 2: School of Environment and Natural Resources, Bangor University, Wales.

Publication date: May 1, 2009

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