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Policies, Interventions and Institutional Change in Pastoral Resource Management in Borana, Southern Ethiopia

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The Borana rangelands of Southern Ethiopia are characterised by extensive livestock production under a communal land-use system that has evolved in response to variable rainfall and uncertain production conditions. However, the last two decades have witnessed an increasing privatisation of rangelands for crop production and private grazing. The results of a quantitative assessment are used to develop a framework for assessing the drivers of change and their long-term implications. It is concluded that certain national policies have resulted in conflicts of authority between traditional and formal systems, creating an avenue for spontaneous enclosures, associated conflicts and decreasing human welfare.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: International Water Management Institute (IWMI), West Africa Office, Accra, Ghana 2: World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Nairobi, Kenya 3: Institute for Co-operation in Developing Countries, Phillips University, Marburg, Germany

Publication date: 2004-07-01

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