The Diagnostic Utility of Executive Function Assessments in the Identification of ADHD in Children
Deficits in executive functions have been widely reported to characterise individuals with ADHD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of a range of executive function measures for identifying children with ADHD. Method:
Eighty-three children with ADHD and 50 normally-developing children without ADHD were assessed on measures of inhibition, set-shifting, planning, problem-solving, response inhibition, sustained attention and working memory. Measures of sensitivity, specificity, likelihood ratios and diagnostic odds ratios were calculated. Results:
Executive function tasks effectively discriminated between children with and without ADHD. Measures of response inhibition and working memory contributed the most to the discriminant function. Conclusions:
Cognitive measures of executive function can be used to help identify children with ADHD and could be useful as additional diagnostic tools for clinical practitioners.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Psychology, University of Northumbria, Newcastle Upon Tyne, NE1, 8ST, UK., Email: [email protected] 2: Department of Psychology, University of York, UK 3: Hartlepool Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services, UK 4: School of Education, Durham University, UK
Publication date: 01 February 2010