Inflation, nominal portfolios, and wealth redistribution in Canada
Abstract:Abstract This paper quantifies the redistributional effects of inflation in Canada that arise through the revaluation of nominal assets and liabilities. We find that the effects are non‐trivial even for low inflation episodes. The main winners are young, middle‐class households with mortgage debt. The government receives a windfall gain from its long‐term debt. The old, the rich or the middle‐aged, middle‐class lose, largely owing to their holdings of bonds and non‐indexed defined benefit pension assets. Finally, our Canada‐U.S. comparison reveals that the extent of redistributions can be quite different even between countries of similar economic and legal environments.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Canadian Economics Analysis, Bank of Canada
Publication date: 2011-11-01