La dynamique spatiale des marchés locaux de l'emploi au sein du champ métropolitain de Québec, 1981–2001
Abstract:Spatial Dynamics of Local Labour Markets in the Québec City Metropolitan Field, 1981–2001
This research analyzes the spatial dynamics (from 1981 to 2001) of local labour markets at an infra-regional scale, namely the Québec metropolitan field, with particular emphasis on interactions between the metropolitan region and its hinterland. It seeks to better understand the factors underlying this evolution. Centrographic analyses were performed to characterize the evolution of the spatial configuration of local labour markets (displacement of gravity centre, shape change, evolution of dispersion indices and of workforce preferential distribution axes). Between 1981 and 2001, almost all employment poles experienced an increase in the mean-distance tied to their recruitment area, that being particularly true for peri-metropolitan poles which employ an increasing part of their workforce inside the metropolitan labour basin, where a more qualified and diversified labour force is available; thus, giving rise to significant reverse commuting. In addition to the influence of distance to metropolitan area, a multiple regression model shows that factors such as manufacturing specialization and employment growth within job centres also play a crucial role in the spatial dynamics of local labour markets in the Québec City metropolitan field.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Laboratoire d'Analyse Spatiale et d'Économie Régionale (LASER), INRS – Urbanisation, Culture et Société, Montréal, Québec, H2X 1E3 (courriel: ), Email: firstname.lastname@example.org 2: Centre de recherche en aménagement et développement (CRAD), Université Laval, Québec, Québec, G1K 7P4 (courriel: ), Email: email@example.com 3: Centre de recherche en aménagement et développement (CRAD), Université Laval, Québec, Québec, G1K 7P4 (courriel: ), Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date: September 1, 2007