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Crime and disorder, and house sales and prices around the casino sites in Windsor, Ontario, Canada

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Abstract:

This study is an analysis of the impact of the opening or closure of a new urban casino on crime and disorder, and house sales and prices in its neighbourhood. The two sets of time-series data were the calls to the police about three types of offences and the house sales through the Multiple Listing Service in two neighbourhoods near the casinos in Windsor, Ontario, Canada. Temporally, the weekly numbers of offences and the mean monthly house prices were oscillating almost randomly around their respective declining or stationary long-term averages with no impulse from when a casino either opened or closed. Geographically, only two types of offences increased in number nearer to a casino site, but their respective distance decays neither moderated nor steepened after a casino had closed or opened. Even so, the conclusion is premature that the open or closed casinos have had benign effects on offences and house sales in the neighbourhoods.

French
La présente étude analyse l'impact de l'ouverture et de la fermeture d'un nouveau casino urbain sur le crime, le désordre public, et la vente et les prix des maisons dans son voisinage. Nous avons analysé deux séries chronologiques de données, à savoir: le nombre d'appels à la police concernant trois types d'infractions, et les ventes de maisons au moyen du Multiple Listing Service, dans deux quartiers proches des casinos à Windsor (Ontario), Canada. Mesurés dans le temps, les chiffres hebdomadaires des infractions et les moyennes mensuelles du prix des maisons ont oscillé presque au hasard tout en restant proches de leurs moyennes, stables ou baissantes, sans que l'ouverture ou la fermeture d'un nouveau casino les influence. Mesurés dans l'espace, deux types d'infractions seulement ont augmenté près d'un casino, mais l'ouverture ou la fermeture de celui-ci n'a ni modéré ni accusé leur gradient incidence-distance. Il est pourtant prématuré de conclure que les casinos, ouverts ou fermés, n'ont aucun effet sur le nombre d'infractions et le prix des maisons.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0008-3658.2004.00068.x

Affiliations: Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada N9B 3P4 ( ), Email: phipps@uwindsor.ca

Publication date: December 1, 2004

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