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Self Modeling with Flexible, Random Time Transformations

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Methods for modeling sets of complex curves where the curves must be aligned in time (or in another continuous predictor) fall into the general class of functional data analysis and include self-modeling regression and time-warping procedures. Self-modeling regression (SEMOR), also known as a shape invariant model (SIM), assumes the curves have a common shape, modeled nonparametrically, and curve-specific differences in amplitude and timing, traditionally modeled by linear transformations. When curves contain multiple features that need to be aligned in time, SEMOR may be inadequate since a linear time transformation generally cannot align more than one feature. Time warping procedures focus on timing variability and on finding flexible time warps to align multiple data features. We draw on these methods to develop a SIM that models the time transformations as random, flexible, monotone functions. The model is motivated by speech movement data from the University of Wisconsin X-ray microbeam speech production project and is applied to these data to test the effect of different speaking conditions on the shape and relative timing of movement profiles.

Keywords: Functional data; Nonlinear mixed effects model; Self modeling; Time warping

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: June 1, 2004

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