Skip to main content

Do firms adopt lower standards in poorer areas? Corporate social responsibility and environmental justice in the EU and the US

Buy Article:

$43.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Within the context of broader debates on corporate social responsibility (CSR) and environmental justice (EJ), this paper examines three key questions: first, how the standards that corporations adopt at the global scale trickle down into local site-level practices; second, whether levels of corporate environmental performance vary from place to place; and third whether any variations in corporate environmental performance relate to the principles of EJ. To do this, the analysis draws upon recently disclosed data to evaluate variations in the environmental performance of oil refineries across the US and the EU. It finds significant variations in emissions of some key pollutants. These exist both across the range of refineries, with dirtier refineries emitting at least five times as much as cleaner refineries, and between the EU and the US, with refineries in the EU emitting more than twice as much as refineries in the US. At the local level, it finds that there are correlations between higher levels of emissions from refineries and lower levels of income, employment and population density. Although these findings provide support for some of the contentions of the EJ movement, they do not say anything about causality, and as a result we cannot say definitively that companies adopt lower standards in poorer areas.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Keywords: European Union; United States; corporate social responsibility; environmental justice; oil refineries

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Sustainability Research Institute, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: 2006-12-01

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more