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Local communities and the new environmental planning: a case study from Zanzibar

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Sub–Saharan Africa is experiencing a new round of conservation initiatives, based around democratized local institutions and local knowledge of the environment. This essay uses political ecology research from a case study settlement in the Zanzibar islands of Tanzania to interrogate how to create the enabling conditions for these new conservation programmes. The case study highlights the importance of understanding social and political issues at the local scale for appreciating the problematic trajectories of progressive environmental planning strategies in Africa in the context of democratization.

Keywords: East Africa; community-based natural resource management; conservation; political ecology

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Department of Geography and Department of African/African-American Studies, University of Kansas

Publication date: June 1, 2002


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