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Social movements, environment, and technology in Indonesia’s pulp and paper industry

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This paper examines community, environmental, and human rights activists’ influence on adoption of environmentally-friendly technologies in Indonesia’s pulp and paper industry. The story begins with conflict over the development of an export pulp mill in North Sumatra in the 1980s and continues with the adoption of environmental technologies in Indonesia’s pulp and paper industry in the 1990s. Organising around a number of specific events associated with pulp industry development, activists drew attention to the industry which led to a strengthening of government environmental regulation and enforcement, and hastened the adoption of cleaner production technologies.

Document Type: Original Article


Affiliations: Department of Sociology, Washington State University, 2710 University Drive, Richland, WA 99352-1671, USA.

Publication date: April 1, 1998


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