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Febrile urinary tract infections in young children: recommendations for the diagnosis, treatment and follow‐up

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We report the recommendations for the diagnosis, treatment, imaging evaluation and use of antibiotic prophylaxis in children with the first febrile urinary tract infection, aged 2 months to 3 years. They were prepared by a working group of the Italian Society of Pediatric Nephrology after careful review of the available literature and a consensus decision, when clear evidence was not available.

Conclusion:  These recommendations are endorsed by the Italian Society of Pediatric Nephrology. They can also be a tool of comparison with other existing guidelines in issues in which much controversy still exists.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Pediatrics, University of Parma, Parma, Italy 2: Division of Neonatology, Catholic University Sacro Cuore, Roma, Italy 3: Pediatric Nephrology and Dialysis Unit, Department of Pediatrics, G. Martino Hospital, University of Messina, Messina, Italy 4: NICU and Puericulture Department, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy 5: Department of Pediatrics, Second University of Napoli, Napoli, Italy 6: Pediatric Nephrology Unit, Fondazione Ca’ Granda IRCCS, Milano, Italy 7: Pediatric Nephrology Unit, Meyer Hospital, Firenze, Italy 8: Pediatric Department, University Hospital, Udine, Italy 9: Department of Pediatrics, Institute for Child and Maternal Health, IRCCS Bo Garofolo, Trieste, Italy 10: Family Pediatrician, Padova, Italy 11: Pediatric Unit, Ospedali Riuniti, Foggia, Italy 12: Pediatric Unit, Hospital of Oderzo, Oderzo, Italy 13: Pediatric Nephrology and Dialysis Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Sant’Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna, Italy

Publication date: 2012-05-01

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