, a cause of urinary tract infections in children?

Authors: Andersen, Lise Bols1; Bank, Steffen2; Hertz, Birgitte1; Søby, Karen Marie2; Prag, Jørgen2

Source: Acta Pædiatrica, Volume 101, Number 5, 1 May 2012 , pp. e232-e234(3)

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

Buy & download fulltext article:


Price: $48.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)



Aim:  To inform that Actinobaculum schaalii can colonize the urine and cause urinary tract infection in children.

Methods:  Urine samples were examined by wet smear microscopy, incubated in 5% CO2 for 1–2 days, and species‐specific real‐time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for A. schaalii was performed.

Results:  In 5 of the 29 screened urines, A. schaalii was found only by real‐time PCR in quantities equivalent to ≥104–105 CFU/mL. In addition, A. schaalii was found in quantities equivalent to ≥106 CFU/mL by both culture and PCR in two children with a urinary tract infection and large numbers of leucocytes in the urine.

Conclusion:  Actinobaculum schaalii is CO2‐dependent. Therefore, if there are clinical symptoms and/or a negative culture despite the presence of leucocytes in the urine, Gram staining and incubation in 5% CO2 or species‐specific real‐time PCR should be performed to identify A. schaalii.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1651-2227.2011.02586.x

Affiliations: 1: .Department of Paediatrics, Viborg Regional Hospital, Viborg, Denmark 2: .Department of Clinical Microbiology, Viborg Regional Hospital, Viborg, Denmark

Publication date: May 1, 2012

Related content



Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content

Text size:

A | A | A | A
Share this item with others: These icons link to social bookmarking sites where readers can share and discover new web pages. print icon Print this page