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Monitoring of protein catabolism in neonates and young infants post-cardiac surgery

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Abstract Aims: 

To evaluate cell catabolism by balance of nitrogen and phosphate, and creatinine excretion in children post-cardiac surgery; to establish protein and energy requirements to minimize catabolism; and to assess nutritional therapy by following these parameters and serial anthropometric measurements. Methods: 

A prospective observational study of children with congenital heart disease undergoing cardiac surgery. Blood samples and 24-h urine collections were obtained postoperatively for creatinine measurement and nitrogen and phosphate balance. Anthropometric measurements (weight, mid-arm muscle circumference and triceps skinfold thickness) were obtained preoperatively and at paediatric intensive care unit and hospital discharge. Results: 

Eleven children were studied for 3–10 postoperative days. Anabolism was associated with higher protein and energy intakes compared to catabolism (1.1 vs. 0.1 g/kg/day and 54 vs. 17 kcal/kg/day, respectively). On days with anabolism, phosphate balance was greater compared with that on days with catabolism. Daily creatinine excretion did not correlate with protein balance. Anthropometric measurements did not change significantly over time. Conclusions: 

Children with congenital heart disease undergoing cardiac surgery achieved anabolism with >55 kcal/kg/day and >1 g/kg/day of protein. Balance of phosphate was useful to monitor cell breakdown. Anthropometric measurements were not valuable to evaluate nutritional therapy in this population.
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Keywords: Anthropometry; Balance; Cardiac surgery; Congenital heart disease; Nutrition

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Pediatrics, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil 2: Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of the Division of Nephrology, St. Michael’s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

Publication date: 2011-07-01

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