Reasons for inconsistent condom use by rural South African high school students
Source: Acta Pædiatrica, Volume 96, Number 2, February 2007 , pp. 287-291(5)
Abstract:Aim: To describe the condom use practices of high school students, compare the beliefs of students who used condoms with those who did not, investigate gender differences in condom use and identify factors that prevent condom use.Method: Cross sectional descriptive study of sexually active grade 10 students at 28 rural high schools who completed a self-reporting structured questionnaire.Results: Of n = 353 students, mean age 17.50 y (SD 1.40), n = 249 (70.5%) males and n = 104 (29.5%) females (p < 0.005), n = 136 (38.5%) had used a condom at last sex. Students who used condoms differed from non-condom users in their beliefs that use of condoms did not imply lack of trust (p = 0.03), supported girls' requesting that their partners use condoms (p = 0.002), perceived greater social support (p < 0.005), and had more self-efficacy (p < 0.005). In the model, condom use at last sex was significantly associated with males (p = 0.03), age at first sex (p = 0.02), knowing a person infected with HIV/AIDS (p = 0.03), and condom use self-efficacy (p = 0.001).Conclusion: The low rate of condom use amongst these students during the AIDS epidemic is influenced by students' condom use self-efficacy, emphasizing the need for skills' training. The increasing mortality due to HIV/AIDS may be a cue that encourages condom use.
Document Type: Regular article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Public Health Medicine, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa 2: Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
Publication date: 2007-02-01