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Insulin‐like growth factor I gene deletion causing intrauterine growth retardation and severe short stature

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Abstract:

The first human case of a homozygous molecular defect in the gene encoding insulin‐like growth factor I (IGF‐I) is described. The patient was a 15‐year‐old boy from a consanguineous pedigree who presented with severe intrauterine growth failure, sensorineural deafness and mild mental retardation. Endocrine evaluation of the growth hormone (GH)–IGF‐I axis revealed elevated GH secretion, undetectable serum IGF‐I and normal serum IGF‐binding protein‐3, acid‐labile subunit, and GH‐binding activity. Analysis of the IGF‐I gene revealed a homozygous partial IGF‐I gene deletion involving exons 4 and 5, which encodes a severely truncated mature IGF‐I peptide. This patient demonstrates that complete disruption of the IGF‐I gene in man is compatible with life, and indicates a major role for IGF‐I in human fetal growth. In addition, his neurological abnormalities suggest that IGF‐I may be involved in central nervous system development. □ Insulin‐like growth factor I, growth disorders, intrauterine growth retardation, growth hormone resistance, sensorineural deafness

Document Type: Review Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1651-2227.1997.tb18367.x

Affiliations: 1: John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford; Department of Endocrinology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Kings Lynn, Norfolk, UK 2: St Bartholomew's Hospital, London; Department of Paediatrics, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Kings Lynn, Norfolk, UK

Publication date: November 1, 1997

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