Voices from the Black Box: Folk Song, Boy Scouts and the Construction of Folk Nationalist Hegemony in Hungary, 1930–1944
Abstract:In the late 1930's, Hungarian nationalists initiated a variety of group activities intended to foster a profound sense of personal connection to territories lost to the Hungarian state after World War I. Many involved collecting or performing folk songs, as folk music science was central to the Hungarian nationalist belief in an enduring “folk soul.” The Boy Scout Ethnography Program was a prime example, encouraging children to experience themselves, the territories and their peoples as “deeply Hungarian.” But nationalist ideologues did not “create” experiences of deepened nationality; the scouts actively worked to make sensible a highly contradictory ideology. Thus ideologues and their targets worked together to build nationalist hegemony.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Geography University of California at Berkeley
Publication date: April 1, 1997