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Remote monitoring of leaf turgor pressure of grapevines subjected to different irrigation treatments using the leaf patch clamp pressure probe

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Abstract:

Abstract Background and Aims: 

Effects of four irrigation treatments on leaf turgor pressure of grapevines were studied using the novel leaf patch clamp pressure (LPCP) probe. Data were correlated with yield and yield components. Methods and Results: 

The LPCP probe measures leaf water status by monitoring the attenuation of an external pressure applied magnetically to a leaf patch. The output pressure signals, Pp, are inversely correlated with cell turgor pressure. Measurements showed that changes in transpiration and stomatal conductance induced by environmental parameters were reflected nearly immediately in Pp. Ongoing non-irrigation resulted in a continuous increase of Pp, in the occurrence of stomatal oscillations and in an increased turgor pressure recovery phase during afternoon. Interestingly, analysis of the numerous diurnal Pp data sets showed that east-directed leaves responded more sensitively to water stress than west-directed leaves. Conclusions: 

For the cultivar and conditions used in this study, the probe data as well as the yield data support irrigation on a 3-day basis with relatively small amounts of water. Significance of the Study: 

The results show that the LPCP probe is a user-friendly, high precision instrument for online-monitoring of leaf turgor pressure in dependency on changes in microclimate and irrigation, thus helping growers to increase yield while simultaneously saving water.

Keywords: grapevine; irrigation; microclimate; pressure probe; turgor pressure

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-0238.2010.00101.x

Affiliations: 1:  Lehrstuhl für Biotechnologie, Biozentrum, Universität Würzburg, Am Hubland, D-97074 Würzburg, Germany 2:  R.H. Smith Institute of Plant Science and Genetics in Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Quality Science, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel

Publication date: 2010-10-01

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