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The Pre-Settlement Vegatation of the Western and Central Wimmera Plains of Victoria, Australia

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Historical records indicate that the fertile soils of the western and central Wimmera Plains of Victoria, Australia formerly supported grassy woodlands on rises and flats, and grasslands on shallow depressions and clay plains. Soil type and micro-relief appear to have been the major factors that determined the distribution of these communities. Burning of the woodlands by Aborigines may have contributed to their open grassy nature. The few ungrazed remnants of Buloke (Allocasuarina luehmannii) woodland support a suite of species that are absent from or uncommon in other Buloke woodland remnants in the region. This work demonstrates that in districts where little intact native vegetation remains, investigation of the distribution and floristic composition of the pre-settlement vegetation can provide useful information for the maintenance and restoration of remnant vegetation.

Document Type: Original Article


Affiliations: 1: Department of Natural Resources and Environment, corner Mair and Doveton Streets, Ballarat, Victoria 3350, Australia., 2: Centre for Environmental Management, University of Ballarat, P.O. Box 663, Mount Helen, Victoria 3353, Australia.

Publication date: November 1, 1998

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