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Determinants of FDI and their Impact on Economic Growth in Uganda

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Abstract:

Uganda, in an attempt to accelerate growth and development, has been encouraging foreign direct investment (FDI) through privatization programmes and generous incentive packages such as tax holidays and exemptions. However, the Ugandan experience shows that to attract FDI, macroeconomic and political stability and policy consistency are much more important than such incentive schemes. The paper discusses infrastructure and institutional bottlenecks that act as deterrents to FDI. The paper uses time series data to investigate the FDI-growth linkage. The empirical results indicate that FDI has a positive impact on GDP growth in Uganda.

L'Ouganda s'efforce d'accélérer la croissance et le développement en encourageant les IFD par le biais de programmes de privatisation et de généreuses mesures d'incitation, notamment des tréves et exonérations fiscales. Cependant, l'expérience ougandaise montre que pour attirer les IFD, la stabilité macroéconomique et politique et des orientations cohérentes sont bien plus importantes que de telles mesures. Le document examine les obstacles au niveau des infrastructures et des institutions qui limitent l'expansion des IFD. Il utilise les données de séries chronologiques pour déterminer les liens entre ces institutions et la croissance. Il ressort des résultats empiriques que les IFD ont un impact positif sur la croissance du PIB en Ouganda.

Document Type: Original Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8268.00030

Affiliations: Economic Policy Research Centre

Publication date: June 1, 2001

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