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Parallel Modernities. Notes on Artistic Modernity in the Southern Cone of Latin America: The Case of Paraguay

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The author of this article is one of the most important intellectuals in the Latin American artistic scene. Focusing on the particular case of Paraguay, which was governed by the dictatorship of Alfred Stroessner from 1954 until 1989, Escobar traces the modernist impulse in Paraguay and traces its complicated and disturbed relationship with European and North American models and antecedents: Neo-Impressionism, Cubism, Expressionism, Abstraction, and similar. While they reflect the particular political conditions under which the artists worked, the diverse and many-voiced Paraguayan responses also offer an exemplary set of responses that shed light on the development of twentieth-century modernist art and visual culture across the broader South American continent.

Keywords: Arte Nuevo; Creole; Hispano-Guarini; Latin Americas; Los NovĂ­simos; Martinfierrista Revolution; Mestizo; Paraguay; colonialism; dictatorship; modern art; post-colonialism; postmodernism; re-figuration; utopia

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: March 1, 2011

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  • The first journal publishing original English-language translations of seminal works presently only available in their source language. Essential reading for everyone in the international academic community concerned with visual arts, architecture and design.

    Global in scope and extensively illustrated, this unique and innovative new e-journal demonstrates the vitality of art historical and visual culture scholarship undertaken outside English-speaking territories and cultures. Offering high quality English language translations of seminal works presently available only in their source language, Art in Translation offers a fresh perspective on global art practices, history and theory. It covers all areas of the visual arts including painting, drawing, sculpture, architecture, design, and electronic media.


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