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Sartre's Phenomenological Anthropology between Psychoanalysis and 'Daseinsanalysis'

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Abstract:

This essay compares Sartre's existential psychoanalysis with Freud's psychoanalysis and Binswanger's Daseinsanalysis. On the one hand, Sartre's psychoanalysis, despite the pure phenomenological interpretation of the factical self (in the first part of Being and Nothingness), is ultimately metaphysically founded on the concept of 'human reality' (in the fourth part of the book), so that this psychoanalysis cannot be identified with the way of interpreting existence in the Daseinsanalyse. On the other hand, Sartre's phenomenological interpretation of the factical self implies that Freud's analysis of psychical phenomena is false, because the self 'is strictly to the degree that it signifies' (Sketch for a Theory of the Emotions) and is 'coextensive with consciousness' (Being and Nothingness).

Keywords: ANTHROPOLOGY; DASEINSANALYSE; EXISTENTIAL PSYCHOANALYSIS; HERMENEUTICS; METAPHYSICS; PSYCHOANALYSE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3167/ssi.2010.160103

Publication date: March 1, 2010

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