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Whither Hegelian Dialectics in Sartrean Violence?

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Abstract:

Sartrean ontological intersubjectivity is often understood to be hostile and conflictive, and Sartrean dialectics is repeatedly interpreted through the lenses of the Hegelian master-slave dyad, translating into a conflictive theory of practical ensembles. Building on this, critics in the aftermath of 9/11 argued that 'terror' and 'revolutionary violence' introduced in Critique of Dialectical Reason as the anti-thesis of oppression underscored his anti-colonial writings and this gives us justification to think that Sartre might consider terrorism a form of revolutionary violence.

With this in mind, this paper does not deal with the bigger issue of Sartre's political position, but only aims to question the basis of reading Hegelian dialectics in Sartre's ontology of intersubjectivity and social ensembles. Revisiting the role of dialectics in his Search for a Method and Critique of Dialectical Reason, it reveals a Sartre who is critical of Hegelian dialectics, and establishes his intersubjectivity as more compatible with Heidegger's being-with-others rather than Hegel's being-for-others.

Keywords: HEGELIAN DIALECTICS; HEIDEGGER'S BEING-WITH-OTHERS; ONTOLOGICAL SUBJECTIVITY; SARTREAN VIOLENCE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3167/ssi.2009.150101

Publication date: March 1, 2009

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