The Indonesian occupation (1975–99) of the former Portuguese colony of East Timor was one of the most brutal in postwar history. Yet, despite the heavy Indonesian military presence, the East Timorese population was able to wage a highly effective resistance struggle. The emergence
of an Indonesian-educated or 'new' generation was crucial here, enabling the development of an urban-based clandestine front which worked closely with the armed guerrillas in the mountains, and with the international solidarity movement and East Timorese diplomatic campaign overseas. Their
knowledge of Indonesia and fluency in the Indonesian language, however, set them apart from the older – pre-1975 – Portuguese-educated generation, sparking political tensions which are still being worked out in post-independence East Timor.
Journal of Romance Studies promotes innovative critical work in the areas of linguistics, literature, performing and visual arts, media, material culture, intellectual and cultural history, critical and cultural theory, psychoanalysis, gender studies, social sciences, and anthropology. The primary focus is on those parts of the world that speak, or have spoken, French, Italian, Spanish or Portuguese, but work on other cultures may be included. Issues cross national and disciplinary boundaries in order to stimulate new ways of thinking about cultural history and practice.