Pastoral Practices and their Transformation in the North-Western Karakoram
Author: Kreutzmann, Hermann
Source: Nomadic Peoples, Volume 8, Number 2, December 2004 , pp. 54-88(35)
Publisher: Berghahn Journals
Abstract:Textbooks and research papers dealing with pastoral practices in high mountain contexts generally favour the European 'Alpwirtschaft' or 'Almwirtschaft' strategy as the only important way of utilising mountain resources. The first diagram published by Arbos (1923: 572) described the movement of mountain farmers and their livestock in Tarentaise in the French Alps. More than half a century later it was reproduced as the sole and/or role model in the textbook on 'mountains and man' by Price (1981: 413). In addition, a diagram based on the situation in the Swiss Val d'Annivers, initially published in 1936 in the influential text of Robert Peattie later figured in the textbooks as the 'ideal' model of resource utilisation at different elevations. Needless to say, this practice has not existed in the Valais for nearly two generations. Nevertheless, this diagram was republished during the 1980s and even as late as 1997 (see Grötzbach 1982: 10; 1987: 65; 1988: 27; Grötzbach and Stadel 1997: 26). This seems to be an example of an Eurocentric view of pastoral practices in mountain regions. Western textbook authors seem to support a romantic view of long-extinct practices, while neglecting the existence of forms of mobile animal husbandry in other parts of the world. In an attempt to overcome this restricted and fragmented world view, in the present article emphasis is placed on current pastoral practices in High Asia.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: December 2004
- Nomadic Peoples is an international journal published for the Commission on Nomadic Peoples, International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences.
Its primary concerns are the current circumstances of all nomadic peoples around the world and their prospects. Its readership includes all those interested in nomadic peoples -- scholars, researchers, planners and project administrators.
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Information for Advertisers
- Terms & Conditions
- Aims and Scope
- Recommend to your Library
- Sample Copy Request
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites