Natural science tends to reduce animals to parts, ignoring such characteristics as “inwardness,” ideas, and culture. The social sciences, such as sociology and anthropology, generally confine themselves to human subjects. Even those who study human-animal interactions tend to view animals as passive objects that are acted upon or thought and felt about. Scholars in the humanities assume that sociality and culture do not exist outside the human realm. The author calls for the development of a true anthropology of animals that studies and elucidates, to the extent possible, the animal Other.