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HDL Elevation and Lipid Lowering Therapy: Current Scenario and Future Perspectives

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Abstract:

High density lipoprotein (HDL) has proven its role in reverse cholesterol transport and cellular cholesterol efflux thus acting as a protective factor against atherogenic cardiovascular diseases. The article focuses primarily on structure and function of genes influencing HDL metabolism. Various novel targets involve liver X receptor, retinoid X receptor, peroxisome proliferators activated receptor agonists and apoA-I mimetics. New molecules targeting these nuclear receptors are described. Phospholipid transfer protein and scavenger receptor B1 are also attractive targets in HDL metabolism. ATP-Binding Cassette transporter A1 and several lipases also play a crucial role in HDL metabolism and are very useful target for atherogenic dyslipidemia. Cholesteryl ester transfer protein inhibitors have shown great promise as possible drug candidates of future. Notably, JTT-705 (Japan Tobacco, Roche) is of great interest in spite of withdrawal of torcetrapib. Considering modest effect of currently available therapeutic options on HDL, these novel HDL elevating targets are doubtlessly the target for future atherosclerotic intervention.





Keywords: ATP-binding cassette transporter A1; HDL elevation; hepatic lipase; lipid lowering; lipoprotein lipase; liver X receptor; peroxisome proliferators activated receptor; phospholipids transfer protein; retinoid X receptor; scavenger receptor B1

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2174/157489007782418973

Publication date: 2007-11-01

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  • Recent Patents on Cardiovascular Drug Discovery publishes review articles on recent patents in the field of cardiovascular drug discovery e.g. novel bioactive compounds, analogs & targets. A selection of important and recent patents on cardiovascular drug discovery is also included in the journal. The journal is essential reading for all researchers involved in cardiovascular drug design and discovery.
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