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Inhibitors of Mammalian Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase

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Abstract:

Inhibition of acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), with its resultant inhibition of fatty acid synthesis and stimulation of fatty acid oxidation, has the potential to favorably affect, in a concerted manner, a multitude of the cardiometabolic risk factors associated with diabetes, obesity, and the metabolic syndrome. Studies in ACC2 knockout mice and in experimental animals treated with isozymespecific antisense oligonucleotides or with isozyme-nonselective ACC inhibitors have demonstrated the potential for treating metabolic syndrome through this modality. Co-crystallization of the biotin carboxylase and carboxyltransferase domains of eukaryotic ACC in the presence of substrates and inhibitors has revealed characteristics of the catalytic center that can be exploited in drug discovery. A variety of structurally diverse, mechanistically distinct classes of ACC inhibitors have been disclosed in the scientific and patent literature. Isozyme-nonselective ACC inhibitors may provide the optimal therapeutic potential. However, demonstration of the full potential of isozyme-selective inhibitors, once identified, should reveal advantages and liabilities associated with single isozyme inhibition.





Keywords: Acetyl-CoA carboxylase; diabetes; enzyme inhibition; fatty acid oxidation; fatty acid synthesis; heart disease; metabolic regulation; metabolic syndrome; obesity

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157489007782418928

Publication date: November 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • Recent Patents on Cardiovascular Drug Discovery publishes review articles on recent patents in the field of cardiovascular drug discovery e.g. novel bioactive compounds, analogs & targets. A selection of important and recent patents on cardiovascular drug discovery is also included in the journal. The journal is essential reading for all researchers involved in cardiovascular drug design and discovery.
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