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Synthesis, Characterization and In Vitro Antiproliferative Effects of Novel 5-Amino Pyrazole Derivatives against Breast Cancer Cell Lines

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In search of synthetic chemotherapeutic substances capable of inhibiting, retarding, or reversing the process of multistage carcinogenesis, we synthesised a series of novel 1-(4-methoxybenzyl)-3-cyclopropyl-1H-pyrazol-5-amine derivatives 9(a-h) by a nucleophilic substitution reaction and characterized by 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC/MS), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR), and elemental analysis. These novel compounds were evaluated for their efficacy in inhibiting VERO normal and MCF-7 breast cancer cells proliferation by trypan blue exclusion assay, MTT assay, [3H] thymidine incorporation assay and DNA fragmentation analysis. Among the series, some compounds exhibited interesting growth inhibitory effects against cell lines. From the Structure-Activity Relationship studies, it has been revealed that, both novel patented compounds and therapeutic protocols of N-terminal pyrazole ring structures play key role in the antiproliferative activity.

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Keywords: 5- Amino pyrazole derivatives; DNA fragmentation analysis; MTT assay; [3H] thymidine incorporation; aryl sulfonamide; breast cancer cells; cell proliferation; cyclisation; trypan blue exclusion assay; vero normal cells

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2011-05-01

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  • Recent Patents on Anti-Cancer Drug Discovery publishes review articles on recent patents in the field of anti-cancer drug discovery e.g. novel bioactive compounds, analogs & targets. A selection of important and recent patents on anti-cancer drug discovery is also included in the journal. The journal is essential reading for all researchers involved in anti-cancer drug design and discovery.
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