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New Conjugates of Tuftsin and Muramyl Dipeptide as Stimulators of Human Monocyte-Derived Dendritic Cells

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Abstract:

Muramyl dipeptide (MDP) and tuftsin are known biologically active compound displaying a significant influence on various cell populations of innate immune response. MDP, as a fragment of bacterial cell wall, stimulates not only macrophages and monocytes, but also dendritic cells. In contrast, little is known about tuftsin influence on these cells. Therefore it seemed vital to access whether tuftsin or its derivatives conjugated with MDP could influence the activity of this subpopulation of antigen presenting cells (APC). Immature dendritic cells (iDCs) were derived from human monocytes through eight-day tissue culture supplemented with hrIL-4 and hrGM-CSF. On the day 9 DCs were stimulated with newly synthesized conjugates of tuftsin and muramyl dipeptide. The influence of the examined compounds on the activity and maturity of monocyte-derived DCs was estimated by flow cytometry analysis. The flow cytometry analysis revealed that tuftsin and some of its analogues do stimulate maturation and activity of DCs but to a lesser extend in comparison to MDP. The obtained results suggest further development of the experiments concerning the influence of MDP and tuftsin analogues on the activity of dendritic cells.

Keywords: Tuftsin; dendritic cells; muramyl dipeptide

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986613804725299

Publication date: February 1, 2013

More about this publication?
  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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