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Identification of a Novel Peptide Ligand of Human Transfrrin Receptor 1 for Targeted Tumor Delivery Drug

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Human transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1) is expressed on malignant cells at levels several fold higher than those on normal cells and its expression can be correlated with tumor stage or cancer progression. It is a potentially rational target for drug delivery. To identify novel ligands which can recognize the TfR1 specifically, a random phage displayed 12-mer peptide library was screened and two consensus motifs of the peptides which are displayed by the positive phages RXR and RXXXR (x is any amino acid) were yield. The phage displaying peptide SPRPRHTLRLSL (designated as B18) exhibited the highest affinity to TfR1 in phage ELISA and B18 could bind to TfR1 specifically in a dose dependent manner. The flow cytometry assay and immunocellularchemistry assay showed that the B18 could bind to TfR1 positive carcinoma cells with specificity. In addition, the biodistribution assay indicated that B18 could home to TfR1 positive tumor tissue specifically. Our study suggests that the peptide exhibited by B18 is a potentially promising targeting peptide for tumor diagnosis and treatment.

Keywords: TfR1; cancer progression; flow cytometry assay; malignant cells; normal cells; peptide; phage display; tumor

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2013-01-01

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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