Gram negative bacteria have evolved many mechanisms of attaching to and invading host epithelial and immune cells. In particular, many outer membrane proteins (OMPs) are involved in this initial interaction between the pathogen and their host. This review focuses on a number of small
pore-forming OMPs that are all composed of eightstranded β- barrel proteins and include members of the OmpA, OmpW and OmpX families of proteins. These proteins, together with the related OmpA-like peptidoglycan associated lipoproteins, are involved in interactions with host cells and are
mediators of virulence. In many cases, these proteins interact with host immune cells and can be considered as pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPS) due to their ability to signal via Toll like receptor molecules and other pattern recognition receptors. The role of these proteins
in pathogenesis is discussed here, together with the potential for these proteins to be used as immunoprophylactic agents to protect against infection.
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host immune response;
outer membrane proteins;
pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPS);
β- barrel proteins
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2012-10-01
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Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.