Characterization of the Interaction Between Endostatin Short Peptide and VEGF Receptor 3
Corneal angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis are induced by vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) signaling through its receptors VEGFR-1, -2, and -3. Endostatin is a peptide antagonist of these receptors that causes inhibition of bFGF-induced corneal angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis. Here we show that binding of VEGF-C and endostatin to recombinant VEGFR-3 is competitive. Alignments of the primary amino acid sequences of VEGF-C and the C-terminal endostatin peptide (mEP: LEQKAASCHNSYIVLCIENSFMTSFSK) identified two conserved cysteine residues separated by seven amino acids. Peptides of VEGF-C and mEP containing these conserved residues bound toVEGFR-3. However, substitution of alanine for either of the cysteines in the mEP peptide perturbed the secondary structure, and this mutated peptide was unable to bind to VEGFR-3. Analysis by surface plasmon resonance demonstrated that the binding of the mEP peptide for recombinant VEGFR-3 had a Ka of 1.41x107M-1s-1, Kd of 0.6718 s-1, and a KD of 4.78x10-8M. Characterization of the mechanism of endostatin binding to VEGFR-3 may lead to the development of novel therapies for lymphangiogenesis-related disorders, such as transplant rejection, lymphedema, and cancer metastasis.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2012-09-01
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- Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.