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Studies of Histidine Residues in Soybean (Glycine max) Urease

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Soybean urease has been investigated extensively to reveal the presence of histidine residue (s) in the active site and their potential role in the catalysis. The spectrophotometric studies using diethylpyrocarbonate (DEP) showed the modification of 11.76 ± 0.1 histidine residues per mole of native urease. Therefore, the results are indicative of the presence of twelve histidine residues per urease molecule. It is presumed that the soybean urease, being a hexameric protein possess two histidine residues per subunit. Correlation plot showed that the complete inactivation of soybean urease corresponds to the modification of 1.97 histidine residues per subunit. Further, double logarithmic plot of kapp versus DEP concentration has resulted in a linear correlation and thereby demonstrating that only one of the two histidine residues per subunit is catalytically essential. Significant protection has been observed against inactivation when urea or acetohydroxamate (AHA) is incubated with DEP treated urease. The studies have demonstrated the presence of one histidine residue at the active site of soybean urease and its significance in catalysis.

Keywords: Glycine max; Histidine; active site; cytosolic enzyme; diethylpyrocarbonate; homo-oligomeric proteins; nitrogen source; pathogenesis; urea amidohydrolase; urease

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: School of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India.

Publication date: 2012-06-01

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  • Protein & Peptide Letters publishes short papers in all important aspects of protein and peptide research, including structural studies, recombinant expression, function, synthesis, enzymology, immunology, molecular modeling, drug design etc. Manuscripts must have a significant element of novelty, timeliness and urgency that merit rapid publication. Reports of crystallisation, and preliminary structure determinations of biologically important proteins are acceptable. Purely theoretical papers are also acceptable provided they provide new insight into the principles of protein/peptide structure and function.
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